A recent study by Columbia University in the United States showed that women who live in a pedestrian-friendly community have a significantly lower risk of cancer. Although living environment is often related to economic ability, this finding provides an important reference for the government in urban planning and formulation of national health policies.
Countries around the world are becoming more and more urbanized, and urban populations are becoming denser. In order to cope with the huge traffic demand, the city’s roads continue to expand, gradually reducing the rights and interests of pedestrians. When pedestrian walking space, park green space and open space are sacrificed, the walkability of the community becomes worse. At this time, people’s willingness to walk to the park for activities, shopping, business and commuting will be reduced. Walking is inconvenient, so young people tend to travel by car or motorcycle, while the elderly may simply stay at home. Long-term exercise reduction will have adverse effects on the body and mind over time.
Research by scientists from Harvard and the University of Arkansas has confirmed that residents who live in walkable neighborhoods generally exercise more and have lower obesity rates. Using health data from a nationally representative survey of more than 30,000 people, Dr. Monica Wang and colleagues analyzed and found that adults who live in walkable neighborhoods are one-half more likely to be physically active and one-quarter less likely to be obese.
There are also scholars in Taiwan studying related issues. Dr. Li Jing, a professor at National Taiwan Normal University, researched that the walkability of neighborhood streets will affect residents’ regular exercise population, as well as blood sugar and blood lipid levels; Professor Jiang Yanzheng of Chiayi University researched that good neighborhood footpaths, good landscaping around the community, and few blind alleys will increase People’s willingness to walk. Walking more frequently or for longer periods of time has a positive impact on physical and mental health.
Recent research from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health further shows that living in more walkable neighborhoods can reduce women’s risk of breast, ovarian, endometrial and other obesity-related cancers. risk. Women who lived in the most walkable 25% had a 26% lower risk of cancer than those who lived in the least walkable 25%. The results were published in October in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
Dr. Andrew Rundle, one of the authors, said urban planning can create an environment that encourages walking, increases activity and reduces reliance on cars and motorcycles, thereby improving diseases caused by obesity such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Thoughtful urban design not only provides a comfortable and livable environment, but also has a profound impact on the health of residents. It is a very important part of the sustainable development of society.
(First image source: Pixabay)
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